Medicare is an assistance program administered by the Federal Government. Medicare is the national health insurance program for:
People age 65 or older
Some people under age 65 with disabilities
People with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), which is permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant
Medicaid, administered by each State, is health insurance that helps many people who can't afford medical care pay for some or all of their medical bills. Medicaid is available only to certain low-income individuals and families who fit into an eligibility group that is recognized by federal and state law. Medicaid does not pay money to you; instead, it sends payments directly to your health care providers. Depending on your state's rules, you may also be asked to pay a small part of the cost (co-payment) for some medical services.